About Haiti

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PRESIDENT:

Michel Martelly

LOCATION:

Shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES:

French and Creole

POPULATION:

9,893,934

BIRTH RATE:

23.35 births/1,000 population

MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE:

350 deaths/100,000 live births

INFANT MORTALITY RATE:

50.92 deaths/1,000 live births

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH:

62.85 years

MAJOR INFECTIOUS DISEASES:

High risk for food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, dengue fever, malaria, leptospirosis

LITERACY:

48.7% of the population age 15 and over can read and write

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE:

40.60%

POPULATION BELOW POVERTY LINE:

80%

RELIGIONS:

Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3%

AREA:

27,750 sq km (Slightly smaller than the American state of Maryland)

NATURAL HAZARDS:

It lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes, plus periodic drought.

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES:

Extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water

Source: CIA Factbook

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